50 Years Creating a Hemisphere of Opportunity for All


Haiti: President Martelly and U.S. Ambassador See Impact of Investing in Small Businesses

By Nadia Cherrouk, Country Director, PADF Haiti and Chief of Party, LEAD project

The factory floor of Le Jourdain Atelier located in the city of Cap-Haïtian in Haiti’s northern coast was the perfect setting to host a high-level delegation from Haiti and the U.S. to showcase the impact that a small and medium business investment project funded by USAID and implemented by PADF is having on the local economy.

The delegation, which included Haitian President Michel Martelly, U.S. Ambassador to Haiti Pamela White, U.S. Special Coordinator to Haiti Thomas Adams, government ministers and USAID representatives, listened to Carl Jean Louis, owner of Le Jourdain Atelier, talk about how an investment from the project called LEAD has transformed his small business.

Long before this visit ever happened, it seemed like an improbably idea to think about starting a garment business. But after talking with his sister-in-law, a trained and experienced tailor who now oversees the company’s quality assurance and employee training, Carl decided to run with the idea. In 2009 he launched the small sportswear and uniform garment manufacturing company with his own funds and with loan money he received from local financial institutions. He hired just seven employees and worked from a single room at his home.

It was clear, however, that if the business was to grow, he would need to find new investments.

In 2012, he heard about a business plan completion that PADF had started with support from USAID, an initiative that was looking to identify viable businesses and invest in them in three key local markets—Port-au-Prince, St. Marc, and Carl’s home base of Cap-Haitïan.

During the selection process he presented his plan to a panel of development experts and respected Haitian business leaders who knew extensively the local markets and the odds of a business flourishing in Haiti’s post-quake economy. Earning good reviews from the selection panel, in September 2012 Carl was approved for more than $138,000 in matching funds to help grow his one-room manufacturing plant.

As Carl showed the delegation the factory floor and the items they produce, he described how the grant helped to retrofit the factory building, improving working conditions for his employees. The funds also helped purchase more than 30 new pieces of equipment, including electronic sewing and embroidery machines needed to provide advanced embroidery services. Today, Le Jourdain Atelier is the only company in northern Haiti to offer this kind of service.

And the investment has already paid off. The business, which hires mostly women, now has 70 employees, 10 times more people than when they first started. This has increased revenue by 74 percent and helped launch the production of a new undergarment line. Carl’s goal is to add 20 more jobs this year. Already the business is selling more than 1 million garment pieces a year to schools, non-governmental organizations, and religious groups located in northern Haiti. They have also received orders from the U.S.

“This is what I am talking about. People gaining twice the minimum wage and working in a proper and safe environment,” said Ambassador White, clearly pleased to see the facilities and the quality of work that is being done.

President Martelly also congratulated the workers for their achievements and reminded them that hard work was the way to make a better life for themselves and their families.

Employees said afterward that these visits make them want to work even harder to achieve great things.

And we know they will.

Building Bridges in Belize

By Minerva Pinelo, PADF Project Director, Youth Engagement Services (YES!) – Belize

Partnerships are invaluable to development. In fact, in Belize they are at the center of a new initiative that will help at-risk youth from marginal areas have a chance to learn new job skills and train to become small business entrepreneurs.

A few days ago, we launched the Youth Engagement Services (YES!) program, a brand new project that will give 53 local youths, ages 18-24, the essential technical training and business advice they will need to succeed in today’s increasingly competitive local labor market. To do this, the Pan American Development Foundation (PADF) is bringing together key local partners—the Belize Trade and Investment Development Service (BELTRAIDE), the Conscious Youth Development Program (CYDP) under RESTORE Belize, Samuel Haynes Institute of Excellence, and the Women’s Issues Network (WIN) Belize—to ensure that we provide these young people the best possible environment to succeed.

At the kick-off session, held at a Young Women’s Christian Association (YWCA) facility in Belize City, the young participants learned firsthand about entrepreneurship. Although many youth already operated informal micro businesses from home or with support of family members, many are interested in establishing a small business that can then grow and provide more services.

During the first phase of this program, youths will be able to complete a tailored training with BELTRAIDE. Then, depending on the track chosen, participants will learn how to start their own business, including the development of business plans, or enhance their employability within the business community through work readiness and life skills methodologies.

Then, during phase two, the program will create opportunities for participants to seek self-employment through modest seed funding in the form of matching grants for entrepreneurship initiatives. Youths will also have access to hiring events and to other services to match them with employer at local businesses primarily in business process outsourcing (BPOs) and within the tourism and hospitality industry.

I believe that building partnerships and exploring synergies in Belize—much like building bridges—will help steer Belize and its youth toward even greater opportunities. Thanks to the support and commitment of our partners, that process is already underway.

Understanding Our Impact on Earth’s Biodiversity

Photos by Arnaldo Belotto

By Ilana Nagib, PADF South America Programs 

When growing up in Brazil, I enjoyed tossing small stones into a pond near my grandparents’ backyard. At times the stones would strike a rock, scare a fish, or cause a big splash. However, what I loved most of all was seeing the ripples move outward from the point where the stones entered the water. Over the years, I thought about those moments and learned how actions can cause similar ripple effects that can have lasting impact, for better or worse, on the world around us.

That ripple effect is very much in motion in my country today, especially in environmentally fragile and ecologically rich areas that are now facing destruction as a result of urban growth. One of those areas is the Atlantic Forest, a once well-connected forest system sprawling across as many as 580,000 square miles of land—Texas, California and Montana combined—and running along some 2,400 miles of Atlantic Ocean coastline.

Today, nearly 61 percent—some 112 million people—of Brazil’s population lives on the Atlantic rainforest region, which is exerting incredible pressures on endemic species and the forest’s various ecosystems. As a result, this forest has become largely fragmented into isolated pockets, some smaller than six acres, of the various ecosystems within the forest system. This separation disturbs the forest’s habitat and threatens extinction for many of the Atlantic Forest’s more than 2,000 species of animals and 20,000 species of plants. Of further concern is the fact that despite its dwindling, less than two percent of this ancient forest system is legally protected in designated conservation units.

To counter the damaging effects to this delicate forest habitat, last year PADF and longtime partner Caterpillar Inc. launched a new initiative called ConBio project (Biodiversity Condominium, orCondomínio da Biodiversidade, in Portuguese). This project, which we are carrying out with SPVS, a conservation organization, is fostering the protection of urban natural areas in the Municipality of Campo Largo, in Brazil’s southern Paraná state, and improving the population’s quality of life in relation to their environment. Because many of the remnants of this rainforest system are in this area, this initiative also aims to ensure that children, youth, and local residents learn about the real treasures they have very close to their communities and the importance of preserving them. This is why we have already reached out to more than 1,600 children and 100 landowners to educate them about conservation and engage them in activities designed to spark and increase their interest and knowledge of conservation.

“It is amazing to see the trees growing,” local landowner Valdomiro Lourenço told our team recently. “Our municipality has so many beautiful geographic landscapes and native areas. We need to preserve these areas to our future generation.” He and Leonilda Araújo Carneiro, another landowner, used to grow potatoes, corn, and beans in areas that had remnants of native vegetation, something they have stopped doing. Now with the support from the ConBio project, they are planting seedlings of native species as part of land recovery effort.

As this effort grows, we are working to encourage and establish new public-private partnerships to communicate the importance of conserving native areas and foster long-term sustainability of the Atlantic Forest.

It is encouraging to see the positive impact that people like Valdomiro and Leonilda and other partners and supporters are having as part of this great push to preserve and restore such an important heritage. My hope is that we—as they already have done—will do our share to guard not only this priceless ecosystem, but so many others scattered across our beautiful planet.

New Outdoor Market: A Better Place to Shop and Hang Out

By Nadia Cherrouk, PADF Haiti Country Director

The merchants of Simmonds-Pelé, a neighborhood located in the Port-au-Prince metropolitan area, are beginning the year with a new market where they can sell their goods. It’s an exciting moment, because for many it is the first time in more than 15 years that they can feel good about the place where they do business.

A few days ago, PADF and the Municipality of Delmas held an opening ceremony with more than 150 people from Village Solidarité to mark the creation of a new market space that will allow 200 merchants, many of them women, from Simmonds-Pelé to have a clean and safe working environment, but also create a meeting point for the entire community.

The new infrastructure, built thanks to the joint efforts of the World Bank, the Caribbean Bank of Development, the Haitian government’s Bureau of Monetization (BMPAD), and PADF through the Urban Project for Participatory Development (PRODEPUR) project, was constructed following para-seismic guidelines in order to ensure that it remains safe for vendors and the general public.

The new space includes a number of important features. It has several platforms and tables to display merchandise and is equipped with a clinic, a closed storage area, green spaces, toilets and showers, as well as a covered butchery area to ensure improved sanitary conditions for meat processors. A cleaning crew is assigned to clean the market each day after business hours. In the evenings, the marketplace can become a socio-cultural center where youth from the neighborhood can study, listen to music, talk and play games.

One of the merchants, Jeanne Lironne Mondésir, told our team that although the market has been around since 1997, they never had anything close to what they have now:

“We were conducting business on mud, dirt and garbage, but finally PADF and the Haitian government came along and they delivered what they promised. For me, this is a dream come true. It took 18 trucks to clean out all the garbage that was here. Now, when I go to work I no longer have to worry about being sick. I think now that everything is clean and nice, more people will come to the market and I’ll be able to sell more.”

Many merchants like Jeanne expressed their appreciation saying that this project was a tremendous accomplishment and a meaningful way to improve not only their lives, but also the quality of life of the entire community.

This market became possible because the community decided that it was an important priority for them. What PADF did was execute the vision that the community had and create something that improved the lives of local residents and workers.

Honestly, I couldn’t think of a better way to start the new year!

Eradicating Human Trafficking from Business Supply Chains through Increased Transparency

Louis Alexander, PADF Senior Programs Director speaking at a Congressional Briefing on Human Trafficking

By Nathalie Liautaud, Senior Program Advisor, PADF

See Photo Gallery

Think for a moment about this number: 21 million people around the world are victims of forced labor. They are often coerced and later trapped in jobs from which they cannot escape. Of that number, more than 1.8 million are in Latin America and the Caribbean. Meanwhile, many companies with extensive supply chains are profiting, wittingly or not, from this form of modern day slavery.

“We can’t go deeper in the 21st century knowingly allowing this disaster to persist,” said Bennett Freeman of Calvert Investments, a D.C.-based company that invests in socially responsible businesses, at a recent U.S. House of Representatives briefing addressing how business transparency can be an effective tool in combating forced labor and human trafficking in business supply chains. Mr. Freeman was spot-on.

Unfortunately, this issue - forced labor and trafficking for labor - has long been unresolved. However, it is now garnering more attention thanks to the support of Representative Carolyn B. Maloney (D-NY)—a great champion in the fight against human trafficking, I might add—who is developing and proposing national legislation requiring businesses to disclose information about their efforts to address slavery/forced labor within their business operations, including their supply chain. The legislation under consideration (H.R. 2759), which is co-sponsored by eight other Members of Congress, is based on a California law passed in 2010 that requires companies to disclose information about their supply chains. The California law, thought to be weaker than originally proposed, relies mostly on businesses self-monitoring and disclosing information that the company wishes to make public. Although insufficient, experts say this legislation has helped raise awareness of force labor issues within supply chains, and move the process forward. H.R. 2759, impacting businesses at the national level, would require businesses to disclose information about their efforts to address slavery / trafficking and forced labor within their business operations, including supply chain and labor management, and enforce compliance.

Given the severity of forced labor within business supply chains, it is important that private sector companies support the legislation, said Karen Stauss, Program Director for Free the Slaves. The Maloney legislation is not meant to impose restrictions on businesses, but rather prompt businesses to understand who is working at every level of their supply chains. It also ensures that consumers have the ability to choose products that are not tainted with forced labor. Businesses not only have an economic interest in this, Stauss added, but also a moral duty to eradicate this form of forced labor from their operations.  Ultimately, it will save lives.

Eradicating forced labor from supply chains, however, is not a simple matter. For example, a prepared shrimp cocktail purchased at a local supermarket can have its origin in different—and remote—parts of the globe, imported through various supply chains that could be relying on forced labor without the knowledge of a company or even a supplier. Cathy Feingold, Director of the International Departments at AFL-CIO, suggested that if consumers were more aware of this reality, perhaps they would choose not to source their shrimp from a company that lacked transparency in its supply chain. The reduction in sales would potentially force a company to re-examine its supply chain and make appropriate changes to ensure labor conditions were acceptable.

For a more transparent system to take hold, labor unions and businesses must work together. Ambassador Mark P. Lagon, a Georgetown University professor and former head of the U.S. State Department’s Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons (TIP) highlighted the need for governments to also be involved without being intrusive. This must be done with the understanding that governments change periodically and don’t always coordinate effectively within themselves, added Louis Alexander, Senior Programs Director for the Pan American Development Foundation. This lack of dialogue can negatively impact an effort such as this one. For this reason, policy makers and advocates must work hand in hand with civil society organizations, and private sector partners because they remain constant and understand local challenges and the impact of policies on communities.  

Ultimately, as I said before, the concerted effort of government, private sector companies, civil society, labor unions and the public at large will save lives. That’s what Flor Molina, an anti-human trafficking advocate and survivor, fights for every day. Sharing her personal story during the briefing, Ms. Molina recounted how a trafficker enticed her with employment in the United States, and forced her to work up to 18 hours a day in a clothing factory in Los Angeles after she arrived from Mexico. She said: “I realized that the other regular workers were free, but I was not allowed to take one step outside of the factory. My trafficker constantly told me that nobody would know if I disappeared or died.” She added: “If there would have been any implementing laws that protected and prevented human trafficking or that made companies responsible, I wouldn’t have gone through that horrible situation.” 

By supporting strong new legislation, we will not only spur greater transparency, but help protect those who don’t have a voice.

Colombia: Accelerating the Peace Process through Job Creation and Violence Prevention

These displaced Colombian women weave baskets and crafts from tough sisal fibers as part of a PADF income generation project

By Luisa Villegas
Program Director, South America

Human displacement remains a continued challenge around the world. According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) Global Trends 2012 report, an estimated 35.8 million people were displaced last year, of whom approximately half—some 17.7 million people—were forced to move within their own countries.  For years, Africa and the Middle East have had the largest displaced populations. However, if you distill these numbers by country rather than region—Syria (3 million), the Democratic Republic of Congo (2.7 million) Sudan (2.2 million) Iraq (2.1 million) and Somalia (up to 1.36 million)—each still trails Colombia (estimates vary from 3.7 – 5.5 million), a country with tremendous growth and strong democratic institutions.

In spite of the challenges, for more than a decade Colombia has made significant strides toward helping displaced persons by enacting legislation that encouraged local governments to assist displaced persons and protect their rights. Today, this effort continues with the so-called Victims Law (“Ley 1448 de Víctimas y Restitución de Tierras”), a historic piece of legislation passed in 2011 to bring an end to the country’s armed conflict and to promote peace and social reconciliation. This law is designed to aid citizens who have suffered displacement, kidnapping, extortion, abuse and loss of a direct family member due to the civil strife during the past 25 years.

Since 2000, the Pan American Development Foundation (PADF) has assisted displaced persons and other vulnerable groups by improving income generation opportunities and providing access to services such as health, education, housing and food security. Building on this experience, PADF has more recently worked to carry out initiatives that support the implementation of the Victims Law, including  developing micro-enterprises among displaced persons;  aiding Afro-Colombians and Indigenous people; and providing technical, managerial and other assistance to Victims’ Unit field offices and Ministries such as Justice, Labor and Foreign Relations.

In addition, PADF is helping in the prevention of recruitment by gangs of children and youth at risk, which is supporting the Ministry of Foreign Affairs’s “PIP”—short for Integral Prevention Plan—strategy during 2013 to 2014. This initiative partners with organizations such as PADF to establish multi-service centers in conflictive areas to aid and counsel at-risk youth, much like Boys and Girls Clubs or YMCAs/YWCAs.  These centers, operated by local governments and NGOs like PADF, provide safe spaces to engage youth and provide access to computer labs, cafeterias, game rooms, sports facilities, counseling, youth and microenterprise development training. Launched by the Santos Administration recently, this strategy seeks to accelerate the country’s peace process by reintegrating ex-combatants, combating FARC recruitment and gang activities, and ensuring progress regarding the country’s social justice objectives.

Harnessing Technology to Enhance Disaster Mitigation

L. Alexander (right), Amb. of the Republic of China (Taiwan) in Nicaragua Ingrid Y. W. Hsing (center), and ICDF Deputy Secretary General Chia Pao Chao

By Liza Mantilla, PADF Director of Disaster Management

Technology has become a part of our everyday lives. And in my line of work—disaster management—technology is increasingly proving to be a highly useful and effective tool.

I recently traveled to Managua, Nicaragua, to participate in a discussion about how new mapping technologies can benefit decision-making and government policy. More specifically, the event, co-sponsored by the Republic of China (ROC-Taiwan) International Cooperation and Development Fund (ICDF), ROC Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and the Central American Bank for Economic Integration (CABEI), focused on using geographical information systems (GIS) and remote sensing (RS) techniques in decision making and the development of government policy. But how exactly can GIS/RS technology be beneficial?

GIS is a computer-based tool that allows you to map and analyze events on earth, while managing statistics like populations, economic development, and vegetation types in ways not possible with traditional spreadsheets. RS blends art and science by using sensors on airplanes and satellites to remotely collect data, process it into a digital image, and then integrate it within GIS. Together, GIS/RS offers valuable insight to explaining events, predicting outcomes, and planning strategies. For example, by collaborating with Taiwan and tapping into their extensive technical knowledge and know-how, Nicaragua has been able to conduct emergency monitoring on lake flooding, and coordinate emergency response during the 2010 floods that affected Lake Managua and Lake Nicaragua. GIS/RS technology has also been used for coral reef monitoring and mapping in order to understand the impact of tourist development to coral reefs.

The seminar is part of the ROC-Taiwan Ministry of Foreign Affairs-funded project Capability Enhancement in Using Geographic Information System in Central America-Nicaragua, which seeks to assist the GoN in improving its capacity to perform environmental monitoring operations. Among them was Louis Alexander, PADF Senior Programs Director, who underscored the critical role of businesses in disaster risk reduction, which has increased and is changing the profile of humanitarian assistance globally.  He added that it is critical that the private and public sectors work collaboratively, co-investing in disaster risk reduction activities. This will help reduce the loss of life and property and further spur economic growth and development in more sustainable ways.

The seminar provided a platform to help raise awareness of bilateral and multilateral relations in the Central America and Caribbean region, providing an opportunity for experts to share experiences and exchange ideas that can pave the way for future development, and how to spur new cooperation in Central America.

Serious Fun: Disaster Mitigation through Participatory Games

Part of the audience at Interaction Forum 2013

By: Nathalie Liautaud

This year’s Interaction Forum in Washington D.C., included a significant number of workshops and conversations on disaster mitigation and risk reduction. I attended one that I really knew very little about, entitled Serious Fun: Promoting Disaster Risk Reduction through Participatory Games. How can talking about disaster risk reduction be fun? I wondered. But off I went to the workshop. Imagine my surprise when I found a workshop full of development professionals ready to get up and role play and discuss the impact of climate change on crops on a roll of a dice? Or determining purchasing power and capacity to diversify crop based on the number of beans on hand?  Astonishment aside, this was a great session.  Animated by Pablo Suarez, Associate Director for Research and Innovation at the Red Cross/Red Crescent Climate Centre, the lively session really got the participants thinking about the types of decisions vulnerable communities must take in the face of natural disasters, but also, about the responses and programs that we, as practitioners, donors, humanitarian organizations, livelihood developers, and field implementers design to face these situations.  

The participatory games developed help raise awareness within the communities of disaster risks, climate change and the complexities that stem from these risks in a creative, effective way, which promotes discovery and encourages community participants to engage in problem solving activities.  The techniques and tools shared with the participants highlighted opportunities for us to integrate these types of participatory interaction in future programming and implementation actions, and to engage in a fun way partners and stakeholders on the very serious subjects of natural disasters and the mitigation and risk reduction activities that accompany it.

“Buy Honey, Gain Health” – Plus the great feeling of supporting nature and income generation

Photo taken by Luisa Villegas

By Luisa Villegas, Program Director for South America

It took me a while to even get the word right, and even harder was when I had to say it in Portuguese: Meliponicultura. The management of stingless bees or meliponiculture is a literally sweet and less risky business than the more known beekeeping of African bees (with stings).  In addition to easing their management by not having a sting, these native bees known as meliponini produce an excellent and tasty honey. Each beehive can produce from 1 to 6 liters of honey a year, in addition to other products such as pollen, wax, and a resinous-like material collected by the bees called propolis. Traditionally these products have been used as cure-it-all medicines. They are good for common coughs and colds, as calmative and sedative against insomnia, for wounds and burnings, skin cleaning and even anemia treatment.

As a source of income, these products are helping small farmers in the south of Brazil generate additional resources on top of other agricultural crops.  Moreover, the little bees have a key role in conservation of biodiversity. As opposed to their African counterparts, meliponinis are native to Brazil, and as such they help pollinate native forest species that depend on this process for their survival.

PADF, with funding from Boeing, and through a local cooperative in Guaraqueçaba, in the state of Paraná, has supported the local association of native bees ACRIAPA. The cooperative is consolidating itself as a cost- effective alternative for small producers that live in or around almost extinct remnants of Atlantic Forest. Through meliponiculture, they are earning additional income while helping protect nature and conserve biodiversity. As I savor the tasty honey that I just brought back from my last trip to Brazil, I can’t really think of a sweeter deal.

In-Kind Donations from Walter Reed Hospital: Helping Communities Around the Hemisphere

At Walter Reed Hospital loading the truck for Colombia

By Mafe Polini

Last week, the In-Kind Donations program team allowed me to be part of one of its regular working days. An early start took us to the soon to be demolished Walter Reed Hospital in Washington D.C. to finish a long journey that this PADF team began last summer. Back in July 2012, they filled up the first of 13 containers full of medical equipment and other donations that were sent to many countries throughout the region. Many communities in Latin America and the Caribbean live without any medical care, and clinics and doctors are often hampered by a severe shortage of equipment and supplies. These factors lead them to seek support from international organizations like PADF that serve as a bridge to deliver assistance.

Although it is easy to write, it is not that simple to do.

The newly decommissioned Walter Reed Hospital is as big as three soccer fields, and was absolutely full of equipment in very good condition that could be used by communities in need around our continent. It took time to identify and organize these useful materials and tools, but it resulted in the delivery of a large quantity of much needed items. The list includes CT-scanners, surgical lights, surgical booms, stretchers, medical exam tables, side tables, dining tables, patient tables, wheelchairs, nurse’s stations, projection screens, and more. Countries like Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Haiti, Mexico and Uruguay were grateful to receive the containers with materials that currently worth no less than 2 and a half million dollars, and are a great help for many organizations to continue their work.

To me, it was a wonderful experience to spend a day walking around this huge building moving furniture around. Lots of memories will remain behind Walter Reed Hospital, and PADF beneficiaries and staff will always be grateful for the kindness of this institution and its people that enabled PADF to give a second life to the working equipment and other medical materials, and to continue to create an hemisphere of opportunity for all.

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