Efficient and Effective Criminal Justice



Jamaica’s rate of violent crime and homicide ranks among the highest in Latin America and the Caribbean. It’s a major source and transit point for illegal drugs to North America and Europe, and hundreds of active gangs perpetrate various illicit activities.

A well-functioning criminal justice system is one of the biggest deterrents to crime and violence in any country. In Jamaica, the criminal justice system faces significant challenges to effectively accomplish its role. The conviction rate for murder and other significant crimes is very low, and Jamaican courts struggle to render judgements in a timely manner. An additional challenge comes from the fact that courts, in lieu of adequate forensic evidence, often depend on public witnesses, testimonies, and jurors. With such prevalent violence and high impunity rates, widespread public fear and distrust prevents citizens from testifying in court. Attempting to enlist public collaboration is often an effort in vain.

The national police, Jamaica Constabulary Force, needs support and technical assistance to keep up with the rapidly changing modalities of crime. It must strengthen its ability to cooperate with the prosecution and the criminal justice system as a whole. In addition, the prosecution and the courts must effectively use all forensic techniques that are available to them. Doing so requires transforming current practices and procedures while strengthening the institutional capacity of all agencies involved.


The Pan American Development Foundation (PADF) is implementing a two-year project to make Jamaica’s criminal justice system more efficient, fair, trustworthy, and effective.


By providing high-level technical assistance, the program will work in close collaboration with government authorities to address gaps in the system and put necessary reforms in place. The project diagnoses the current workload, evaluates prosecution and court performance, gauges the effectiveness of police investigations and judicial cooperation, and identifies new methods for improving the criminal justice system.

In cooperation with Jamaica’s law enforcement and local officials, the program provides three high level experts to advise on criminal justice effectiveness: a Forensic Advisor, an Investigations Advisor, and a Prosecution Advisor. They provide training and guidance to their colleagues in their respective fields, placing special emphasis on efficiency and performance measurement. In each field, the advisors are developing a comprehensive baseline study to systematically measure the progress of the program, in comparison with a set of previously identified impact indicators.


The project is being carried out thanks to funding from the U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement (INL). The following national authorities are involved with the project: Jamaica’s Constabulary Force, the Department of Public Prosecution, the Judiciary, the National Forensic Science Training Centre, and others.

Current Projects in Jamaica

Human Rights in Central America

Human Rights in Central America

We're helping communities prevent and respond to human rights violations. The goal is to raise awareness and establish protections for vulnerable groups including internally displaced persons, migrants, women and the LGBTI community.

Strengthening Indigenous Businesses

This program led by Colombia’s Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Tourism with support from PADF seeks to strengthen the productive and business aspects of indigenous communities located in 23 municipalities throughout the country by assisting them in promoting commercial activities and opening up new markets.

Approximately 900 people from indigenous communities are participating in activities that strengthen their ability to manage businesses. This is being done through technical assistance, trainings, and capacity building activities.

The program is reaching 20 different indigenous groups, including the Wayúu, Arhuaco, Pastos, Curripacos, Papiocos, Tucanos, Desanos, Cubeos, Guanano, Pirata Puyo, Siriano, Misak, Kametsa, Inga, Nasa, Embera Katio, Eperara Siapidara, Ette (Chimila), Okaina, Bora, Uitoto, Muinane, Yukpa, Bari and Awá.

Magdalena, Antioquia, Risaralda, Huila, Cauca, Nariño, Putumayo, Amazonas, La Guajira, Cesar, Norte de Santander, Guainía, Guaviare, Vaupés.